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The Plasma Membrane—An Integrating Compartment for Mechano-Signaling

Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tuebingen, 72076 Tuebingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
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Plants 2020, 9(4), 505; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040505
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 11 April 2020 / Accepted: 12 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanical Signaling in Plants)
Plants are able to sense their mechanical environment. This mechanical signal is used by the plant to determine its phenotypic features. This is true also at a smaller scale. Morphogenesis, both at the cell and tissue level, involves mechanical signals that influence specific patterns of gene expression and trigger signaling pathways. How a mechanical stress is perceived and how this signal is transduced into the cell remains a challenging question in the plant community. Among the structural components of plant cells, the plasma membrane has received very little attention. Yet, its position at the interface between the cell wall and the interior of the cell makes it a key factor at the nexus between biochemical and mechanical cues. So far, most of the key players that are described to perceive and maintain mechanical cell status and to respond to a mechanical stress are localized at or close to the plasma membrane. In this review, we will focus on the importance of the plasma membrane in mechano-sensing and try to illustrate how the composition of this dynamic compartment is involved in the regulatory processes of a cell to respond to mechanical stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: mechanical stress; Arabidopsis; plasma membrane; cell wall integrity; mechanosensitive signaling pathways; receptor-like kinase mechanical stress; Arabidopsis; plasma membrane; cell wall integrity; mechanosensitive signaling pathways; receptor-like kinase
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Ackermann, F.; Stanislas, T. The Plasma Membrane—An Integrating Compartment for Mechano-Signaling. Plants 2020, 9, 505.

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