Article Processing Charges (APC) Information

For further information, please see our FAQ.

General Information on MDPI’s Article Processing Charges (APC)

MDPI publishes all its journals in full open access, meaning unlimited use and reuse of articles, in addition to giving credit to the authors. All our articles are published under a Creative Commons (CC BY) license.

Authors pay a one-time Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover the costs of peer review administration and management, professional production of articles in PDF and other formats, and dissemination of published papers in various venues, in addition to other publishing functions. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. Some items (Editorials, Corrections, Addendums, Retractions, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge.

Here is a breakdown of how our APCs are used. In calculating these values, we have followed recommendations from the Fair Open Access Alliance, an organization that promotes sustainable and transparent scholarly open access publishing. This also makes MDPI fully compliant with the requirements of Plan S, a key funder initiative to promote Open Access.

Service functions% of totalAmount (Swiss Francs, CHF)
2000 CHF1000 CHF2000 CHF1000 CHF
1. Publishing Operations & Projects 17% 34% 336 336
2. Journal publication 40% 79% 790 790
3. Editorial Fees 1% 2% 22 22
4. Marketing and Communication 4% 4% 80 40
5. General 6% 12% 118 118
6. Discounts & waivers 19% 19% 370 185
7. Surplus 13% -50% 284 -491
Total publication fee per article (CHF)     2000 1000

1. Publishing Operations & Projects

MDPI develops and maintains its own electronic submission and peer-review website. We also run several platforms to offer different types of services for scholars.

  • a multidisciplinary preprint platform where authors can publish their articles free of charge.
  • a comprehensive, free database for scientists using a new method to collate data and indexing scientific material.
  • an event-planning platform that supports open science by offering the opportunity to host and participate in academic conferences.
  • a researcher-profile platform.

2. Journal publication

  • Triaging—Filtering of papers upon submission by internal staff and editorial board members.
  • Organization of peer-review—MDPI provides a high degree of assistance to Academic Editors so that they can only focus on editorial decisions. We employ in-house editors to invite reviewers, collect review reports, communicate with authors and reviewers, correspond with authors about revision, etc.)
  • Production—including copy-editing, typesetting, copy-editing XML and PDF conversion, and language editing. MDPI provides English editing by native English speakers for all accepted papers, included in the APC.
  • Proofreading—Corresponding with authors to approve the final text and requesting any missing information.
  • Other Editorial assistance—Handling any questions and requests for support before submission, during the editorial and peer-review process, or post-publication.
  • Journal management & development—The in-house Managing Editors track key performance indicators of each journal, monitor competing journals and the trends in the field. They also provide reports and hold discussions with the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board.)
  • Indexing & archiving—MDPI has a team dedicated to indexing relations who advise on the eligibility of a journal for application to be indexed in over 80 databases. Our team communicate closely with the contact persons at the different databases and receive regular updates on the status of applications. We dedicate time to keep ourselves up to date on any changes in the evaluation criteria or application procedure.
  • Long term preservation—MDPI supports long-term preservation of all its articles in CLOCKSS.

3. Editorial Fees

MDPI pays a travel grant or stipend to all Editors-in-Chief and a share of revenue to the societies whose journals it publishes.

4. Marketing and Communication

MDPI allocates part of its income to the promotion of journals and articles through sponsorships of conferences, scholarly society events, and other promotional activities, as well as a series of awards to support researchers.

5. General

  • Management & administration includes cost related to salaries of non-editorial staff and other business costs. They include all the fees paid by MDPI for membership in publishing organizations: STM Association, OASPA, SSP, as well as services such as Publons. Most membership fees are based on the level of income or size of the publisher.
  • Taxes.
  • MDPI supports the activities of the MDPI Sustainability Foundation, including coordinating the World Sustainability Forum and World Sustainability Awards.
  • MDPI is a debt-free company and is not repaying loans or investments.

6. Discounts and waivers

MDPI waives 25%–27% of its content every year. We are committed to supporting the transition of all research to full open access, so offer APC waivers or discounts to some authors. In addition, we waive and offer discounts from 15% (of the total APCs in a journal) in our most established journals up to 100% in our new journals or humanities journals. Although we display an APC on the website, in many social sciences and humanities journals we waive between 70% and 100% of papers; we display an APC in order to demonstrate to authors that there is a cost to publication. Even some of our well established indexed journals waive 30% of publishing costs per year.

Members of societies affiliated to an MDPI journal benefit from a discount as well as authors affiliated to institutions participating in our Institutional Open Access Program.

For journals in fields with low levels of funding, where authors typically do not have funds available, APCs are typically waived and cross-subsidized from fields for which more APC funding is available. For authors from low- and middle-income countries, waivers or discounts may be granted on a case-by-case basis. Applications submitted before article submission are assessed by the Managing Editor based on the quality of the research article and the authors’ ability to pay.

The APC by journal is given in the table below.

Journal Name Basic APC (CHF) *
Acoustics 1000 CHF
Actuators 1000 CHF
Administrative Sciences 1000 CHF
Aerospace 1000 CHF
Agriculture 1000 CHF
AgriEngineering 1000 CHF
Agronomy 1600 CHF
AI 1000 CHF
Algorithms 1000 CHF
Allergies 1000 CHF
Animals 1600 CHF
Antibiotics 1400 CHF
Antibodies 1000 CHF
Antioxidants 1400 CHF
Applied Mechanics 1000 CHF
Applied Sciences 1800 CHF
Applied System Innovation 1000 CHF
Arts 1000 CHF
Atmosphere 1500 CHF
Atoms 1000 CHF
Axioms 1000 CHF
Batteries 1000 CHF
Behavioral Sciences 1000 CHF
Beverages 1000 CHF
Big Data and Cognitive Computing 1000 CHF
Bioengineering 1000 CHF
Biology 1400 CHF
Biomedicines 1000 CHF
Biomimetics 1000 CHF
Biomolecules 1800 CHF
Biosensors 1000 CHF
Bloods 1000 CHF
Brain Sciences 1400 CHF
Buildings 1000 CHF
C — Journal of Carbon Research 1000 CHF
Cancers 2000 CHF
Catalysts 1800 CHF
Cells 2000 CHF
Ceramics 1000 CHF
Challenges 1000 CHF
ChemEngineering 1000 CHF
Chemistry 1000 CHF
Chemosensors 1000 CHF
Children 1000 CHF
CivilEng 1000 CHF
Clean Technologies 1000 CHF
Climate 1000 CHF
Clocks & Sleep 1000 CHF
Coatings 1600 CHF
Colloids and Interfaces 1000 CHF
Computation 1000 CHF
Computers 1000 CHF
Condensed Matter 1000 CHF
Corrosion and Materials Degradation 1000 CHF
Cosmetics 1000 CHF
Cryptography 1000 CHF
Crystals 1600 CHF
Dairy 1000 CHF
Data 1000 CHF
Dentistry Journal 1000 CHF
Designs 1000 CHF
Diagnostics 1400 CHF *
Diseases 1000 CHF
Diversity 1400 CHF
Drones 1000 CHF
Ecologies 1000 CHF
Econometrics 1000 CHF
Economies 1000 CHF
Education Sciences 1000 CHF
Electronic Materials 1000 CHF
Electronics 1400 CHF
Endocrines 1000 CHF
Energies 1800 CHF
Eng 1000 CHF
Entropy 1600 CHF
Environments 1000 CHF
Epidemiologia 1000 CHF
Epigenomes 1000 CHF
European Journal of Burn Care 1000 CHF
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 1000 CHF
Fermentation 1000 CHF
Fibers 1000 CHF
Fire 1000 CHF
Fishes 1000 CHF
Fluids 1000 CHF
Foods 1600 CHF
Forecasting 1000 CHF
Forests 1800 CHF
Fractal and Fractional 1000 CHF
Fuels 1000 CHF
Future Internet 1000 CHF
Galaxies 1000 CHF
Games 1000 CHF
Gastrointestinal Disorders 1000 CHF
Gels 1000 CHF
Genealogy 1000 CHF
Genes 1800 CHF
Geosciences 1000 CHF
Geriatrics 1000 CHF
Healthcare 1000 CHF
Hearts 1000 CHF
Heritage 1000 CHF
High-Throughput 1000 CHF
Horticulturae 1000 CHF
Humanities 1000 CHF
Hydrogen 1000 CHF
Hydrology 1000 CHF
Informatics 1000 CHF
Information 1000 CHF
Infrastructures 1000 CHF
Inorganics 1000 CHF
Insects 1400 CHF
Instruments 1000 CHF
International Journal of Diabetology 1000 CHF
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2000 CHF
International Journal of Financial Studies 1000 CHF
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2000 CHF
International Journal of Neonatal Screening 500 CHF
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power 300 CHF
Inventions 1000 CHF
IoT 1000 CHF
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 1000 CHF
J — Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal 1000 CHF
Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease 1000 CHF
Journal of Clinical Medicine 2000 CHF
Journal of Composites Science 1000 CHF
Journal of Developmental Biology 1000 CHF
Journal of Functional Biomaterials 1000 CHF
Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 1000 CHF
Journal of Fungi 1000 CHF
Journal of Imaging 1000 CHF
Journal of Intelligence 1000 CHF
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications 1000 CHF
Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing 1000 CHF
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 1200 CHF
Journal of Nanotheranostics free
Journal of Nuclear Engineering 1000 CHF
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 800 CHF
Journal of Personalized Medicine 1000 CHF
Journal of Risk and Financial Management 1000 CHF
Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks 1000 CHF
Land 1000 CHF
Languages 1000 CHF
Laws 1000 CHF
Life 1400 CHF
Livers 1000 CHF
Logistics 1000 CHF
Lubricants 1000 CHF
Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction 1000 CHF
Machines 1000 CHF
Magnetochemistry 1000 CHF
Marine Drugs 2000 CHF
Materials 2000 CHF
Mathematical and Computational Applications 1000 CHF
Mathematics 1200 CHF
Medical Sciences 1000 CHF
Medicina 1500 CHF
Medicines 1000 CHF
Membranes 1200 CHF
Metabolites 1600 CHF
Metals 1600 CHF
Methods and Protocols 1000 CHF
Micromachines 1600 CHF
Microorganisms 1600 CHF
Minerals 1600 CHF
Modelling 1000 CHF
Molbank 350 CHF
Molecules 2000 CHF
Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 1000 CHF
Nanomaterials 2000 CHF
NeuroSci 1000 CHF
Non-Coding RNA 1000 CHF
Nutrients 2000 CHF
Oceans 1000 CHF
Optics 1000 CHF
Particles 1000 CHF
Pathogens 1400 CHF
Pharmaceuticals 1000 CHF
Pharmaceutics 1800 CHF
Pharmacy 1000 CHF
Philosophies 1000 CHF
Photonics 1200 CHF
Physics 1000 CHF
Plants 1600 CHF
Plasma 1000 CHF
Pollutants 1000 CHF
Polymers 1800 CHF
Proceedings see here
Processes 1400 CHF
Prosthesis 1000 CHF
Proteomes 1000 CHF
Psych 1000 CHF
Publications 1000 CHF
Quantum Beam Science 1000 CHF
Quantum Reports 1000 CHF
Quaternary 1000 CHF
Recycling 1000 CHF
Regeneration 1000 CHF
Religions 1000 CHF
Remote Sensing 2000 CHF
Reports — Medical Cases, Images, and Videos 1000 CHF
Reproductive Medicine 1000 CHF
Resources 1000 CHF
Risks 1000 CHF
Robotics 1000 CHF
Safety 1000 CHF
Sci 1000 CHF
Scientia Pharmaceutica 850 CHF
Sensors 2000 CHF
Separations 1000 CHF
Signals 1000 CHF
Sinusitis 1000 CHF
Smart Cities 1000 CHF
Social Sciences 1000 CHF
Societies 1000 CHF
Soil Systems 1000 CHF
Sports 1000 CHF
Stats 1000 CHF
Surfaces 1000 CHF
Surgeries 1000 CHF
Sustainability 1800 CHF
Symmetry 1400 CHF
Systems 1000 CHF
Technologies 1000 CHF
Telecom 1000 CHF
Tourism and Hospitality 1000 CHF
Toxics 1000 CHF
Toxins 2000 CHF
Transplantology 1000 CHF
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 1000 CHF
Universe 1200 CHF
Urban Science 1000 CHF
Vaccines 1800 CHF
Vehicles 1000 CHF
Veterinary Sciences 1000 CHF
Vibration 1000 CHF
Viruses 2000 CHF
Vision 1000 CHF
Water 1800 CHF
Women 1000 CHF
World 1000 CHF
World Electric Vehicle Journal 300 CHF
* For papers of type "Interesting Image" in this journal, a reduced rate of 550 CHF applies.

Avoiding Surcharges from Extensive English Editing or Extensive Reformatting on Submitted Articles

Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions. If you use an alternative service that provides a confirmation certificate, please send a copy to the Editorial Office. Authors from developing countries should consider registration with AuthorAid, a global research community that provides networking, mentoring, resources and training for researchers in developing countries.

Funding of APCs and BPCs

Many funding agencies and institutions explicitly allow the use of research grants for the payment of APCs and BPCs for publishing open access articles and books. For more information on APC and BPC funding see the following page.

Discounts on APCs

Waivers may be granted at the Publisher's discretion and should be discussed with the editorial office when submitting the article. The editorial decision making is decoupled from the authors' ability to pay the Processing Charges, however authors should consider in advance whether they have sufficient funds to cover the full APC/BPC.

MDPI also offers discount vouchers to selected reviewers.

Accepted Currencies

We accept payments in Swiss francs (CHF), Euro (EUR), US Dollars (USD) or Pound Sterling (GBP). Upon acceptance, the corresponding/submitting author will receive an e-mail with a link where the currency of the invoice can be changed.

Accepted Methods of Payment

MDPI currently supports the following payment methods:

For more detailed information on how to pay an invoice, please see our Payment Instructions.

APCs are payable within 5 to 10 business days.

Invoices are emailed shortly after acceptance to the payment contact provided by the authors. Only official invoices issued by MDPI ( are valid. We do not authorize any third party to collect the APCs. MDPI is the sole service provider and cannot be held liable for actions by third parties.

For wire transfers, we ask the customer to pay the fees for both the sender and the recipient bank, so that MDPI receives the full invoiced amount. If you wish to pay by cheque, please add 12 CHF for processing fees.

Authors from Switzerland will have the local Value Added Tax (VAT) added to their invoices.

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